Hair loss can affect only your scalp or whole body. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or medications. Anyone can experience hair loss, but it is more common in men.
Baldness usually involves excessive hair loss from the scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness. Some people prefer that their hair loss be uncultivated and uncovered. Others can be covered with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. Others nevertheless choose one of the available treatments to prevent further hair loss and restore growth.
Before you begin to treat hair loss, talk to your doctor about the cause of hair loss and treatment options.
Hair loss can occur in many different ways, depending on the cause. It can occur suddenly or gradually and only affect your scalp or whole body. Some types of hair loss are temporary, others are permanent.
Symptoms of hair loss may include:
Gradual thinning on top of head. This is the most common type of hair loss, which affects both men and women in old age. In men, hair often begins to pull out of the forehead in a line that resembles the letter M. Women usually hold the hair line on the forehead, but have an extension of the hair part.
Circular or patchy bald spots. Some people experience smooth, cellular points. This type of hair loss usually affects only the scalp, but it sometimes occurs in beards or eyebrows. In some cases, your skin may become itchy or painful before your hair is dropped.
Sudden loosening of hair. Physical or emotional shock can cause hair to relax. Haircuts can occur when combing or washing hair or even after a gentle pull. This type of hair loss usually causes hair loss, not baldness.
Full-body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can lead to hair loss all over the body. The hair usually grows back.
Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp. This is a ringworm sign. It can be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and, sometimes, by exposure.
When to see a doctor
Consult your doctor if you are a child or are affected by hair loss and want to continue treatment. Also talk to your doctor if you notice a sudden or spotty hair loss or more than a normal hair loss when combing or washing hair or child. Sudden loss of hair can signal the medical condition that requires treatment.
People usually lose about 100 hours a day. This usually does not cause noticeable thinning of the scalp hair, as new hair grows at the same time. Hair loss occurs when this cycle of hair growth and shedding breaks or when the hair follicle is destroyed and replaced with scars.
Hair loss usually refers to one or more of the following factors:
Family history (heredity). The most common cause of hair loss is the hereditary condition called the baldness of the male pattern or the baldness of the female pattern. Usually it occurs gradually with aging and predictable patterns – by pulling hair and bald spots in men and sprained hair in women.
Hormonal changes and medical conditions. Various conditions can cause permanent or temporary hair loss, including hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, and thyroid problems. Medical conditions include alopecia areata, causing hair loss, scalp infection such as lichen and hair trauma called trichotillomania.
Medications and supplements. Hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout, and high blood pressure.
Radiation therapy to the head. Hair may not grow the same as before.
A very stressful event. Many people experience general hair thinning for several months after physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.
Certain hairstyles and treatments. An excessive hairstyle or hairstyle that firmly attracts hair, such as pigtail or cornrows, can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hair treatments with hot oil and permanent treatments can cause inflammation of hair follicles that leads to hair loss. If scarring occurs, hair loss can be permanent.
A number of factors can increase your risk of hair loss, including:
- Family history of balding, in either of your parent’s families
- Significant weight loss
- Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and lupus
Most baldness is caused by genetics (male baldness and baldness of the female pattern). This type of hair loss can not be prevented.
These tips can help you avoid hair loss types:
- Avoid tight hair, such as braids, cakes or horseshoes.
- Avoid compulsive twisting, rubbing or pulling hair.
- Gently treat your hair while washing and brushing. Comb with broad teeth can help prevent hair loss.
- Avoid sharp treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot oil treatments and permanent ones.
- Avoid medications and additives that can cause hair loss.
- Protect hair from sun and other ultraviolet radiation sources.
- Stop smoking. Some studies show the association of smoking and baldness in men.
- If you are being treated with chemotherapy, ask your doctor about a drop of cooling. This cap can reduce the risk of hair loss during chemotherapy.
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